Plumbing is all about pipes and fittings. Pipes set up runs that carry or carry water, with fittings controlling the flow and manipulating. Pipes are fairly simple: they are straight, and come in a variety of sizes. Choose the right material and length, and you’re ready to go. Fittings – for plumbers – are very similar. But there are plenty of things for the average homeowner. Once you consider the material and size, some may be annoying, others may be terrified. The size we will find in another article. For now, you can learn about some of the most common plumbing fixtures in your home. Then you will never have to ask for two ends that connect two pipes at one angle.
Different fitting types
The adapter is used to increase the runs, or just to change the type of connection at the end of the pipe. This allows you to connect different pipes, without the need for any more involved setup.
Adapters are available in almost all standard materials: ABS, brass, copper, CPVC, bad (galvanized and black), PVC and stainless steel
Bushing is used to connect pipes of different sizes, usually by reducing a large fitting to a smaller pipe. Shrubs are usually – not always – threaded both inside and out, and take up much less space than a pair or alliance, which serves the same purpose.
It is offered in: ABS, brass, chrome plated brass, copper, CPVC, bad (galvanized and black), PVC, and stainless steel.
- Caps and plugs
Caps, surprisingly enough, are used to cap the ends of pipes. Plugs work almost identically, but are usually fitted inside the fitting, and threaded to allow future use of the pipe. Caps can be threaded, glued or soldered to the pipe (depending on its material).
Both are available in: ABS, brass, chrome plated brass, copper, CPVC, brass (galvanized and black), PVC, and stainless steel.
A coupling is used to increase the applicability of a pipe or to change the shape of a pipe (in the case of a reducing coupling, it is sometimes called a “bell” reducer because of its shape). Available with women’s threads, or plastic glue (solvent welding) or without thread for copper soldering, these are some of the most commonly used fittings.
If you need to change the direction of flow, elbows are your best bet. Mainly manufactured at 90 and 45 degree angles (unique sizes such as 22.5 and 60 are also available), elbows can be threaded or sweat, and this is one of the most important fittings used in plumbing. Are one Street elbows have male and female threaded ends so that individual pipes or fittings can be easily connected. Some unique elbows also have a side outlet, which makes it work like a tee with a twist.
- Obtrusive lapel
Flanges are used to connect pipes. The pipe is threaded or welded to flanges, which are then fastened together (usually with bolts). Flange connections are widely used in high pressure handling industrial applications. They can also be found by connecting the residential pump system. The “toilet” (or toilet) flange is found in the house by placing the toilet on the floor and under the drain.
The C36000 lead in the brass fittings was badly compromised due to a defect in the brass matrix. Corrosion patches, caused by localized cells under the surface accumulation, result in a corrosion attack on the entire fitting nipple wall thickness. All the zinc was leached from the matrix, resulting in unsafe fitting in these local areas. Dezincification corrosion will continue and all similar fittings in the hot water line are susceptible to incoming leakage.